Painting is a very complicated subject, because the most-often-painted media rarely survive. Most surviving paintings are from the walls of tombs, sarcophagi from tombs, or are from Egypt with its dry climate. If its a sarcophagus from a tomb in Egypt, even better!
- Eraclius de coloribus et artium Romanorum (ed. Merrifield has been reprinted by Dover Books) (ed. Ilg)
- Mummy Portraits of Roman Egypt https://www.getty.edu/publications/mummyportraits/
- “Painting the Palace of Apries I: ancient binding media and coatings of the reliefs from the Palace of Apries, Lower Egypt” (link to part 1) – “Painting the Palace of Apries II: ancient pigments of the reliefs from the Palace of Apries, Lower Egypt” (link to part 2)
- Persepolis 3d
- Pitsa tablets https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pitsa_panels and the article by Brecoulaci et al.
- Tatarli painting
- Tertius Pictor, A Roman Painter of the First Century CE https://www.tertiuspictor.de/start-english/
See also the sources and research cited under Wood and shields
Many of the materials are available from supermarkets, art-supply stores, and building suppliers, but if pressed see:
- Earth Pigments (Vermont) https://www.earthpigments.com/
- Kremer Pigmente GmbH (Germany, mixed reputation) https://www.kremer-pigmente.com/
- Natural Pigments (California) https://www.naturalpigments.com/