A Comment to Diodorus

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Categories: Ancient

Τέννης δ’ ὁ τῆς Σιδῶνος βασιλεὺς προσελάβετο παρ’ Αἰγυπτίων στρατιώτας μισθοφόρους Ἕλληνας τετρακισχιλίους, ὧν ἦν στρατηγὸς Μέντωρ ὁ Ῥόδιος. μετὰ δὲ τούτων καὶ τῶν πολιτικῶν στρατιωτῶν τοῖς προειρημένοις σατράπαις συμβαλὼν ἐνίκησεν καὶ τοὺς πολεμίους ἐξέβαλεν ἐκ τῆς Φοινίκης.

And Tennes the king of Sidon got himself from amongst the Egyptians four thousand Greek mercenary soldiers, Mentor the Rhodian being general of them. Throwing out the previously mentioned satraps with these and his citizen soldiers he conquered and expelled the enemies from Phoenicia.

Diodorus Siculus, Historical Library 16.42.2

Gloss: The people of Sidon had just rebelled against Artaxerxes III of Persia. Although some historians today insist that hoplites, democracy, and citizenship were uniquely Greek, most historians writing in the ancient world disagreed.

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